A strong education must attend to both the academic and behavioual needs of students
Positive Behavioural Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a three-tiered framework. It is a set of intervention practices which help schools establish a positive social culture and provide guidance for school-wide, small group and individual intensive behaviour supports. The tiers are designed to reach all students in the school, with all staff participating across all different contexts. The graphic above and video below highlight the three tiers of PBIS and what fits within each scope:
Every student within a school, including those with a disability should be encouraged to participate within the framework of PBIS. Some teachers may think that only tiers two and three will benefit students with a disability due to the higher levels of intervention in these tiers. However, all students will benefit from the level one tier which advocates building relationships, creating a positive classroom climate, explicitly teaching expected behaviour and using lots of praise, celebrations and rewards for a job well done. Some effective tier one practices that can be used in the classroom are shown in the graphic below:
In order for PBIS to be successful, leadership teams need to be supportive of the changes that are needed at a school wide level and teachers need to be provided with adequate and sustained professional development. Training of teachers should encompass how to:
- Collect meaningful data
- Implement functional behaviour assessments
- Use behaviour specific praise
- Write behaviour intervention plans
- Craft behaviour contracts
More information about implementing PBIS effectively can be found here.
There is also a guidance document you can download from the link below. This document includes classroom PBIS strategies, a self-assessment, examples of critical practices in elementary and secondary settings, non-examples of critical practices, descriptions of supporting evidence, links to resources, scenarios that illustrate implementation, and other guidelines for implementation.